Pain reliever

Tramadol is a pain reliever with a great potency on par with some narcotics. It is commonly used to treat moderate to severe pain. The medication is also available in extended-release form for a patient that may require around the clock care.

Doctors and pharmacists may make use of this drug for other applications not addressed in this particular writing. It is best to consult with your doctor or pharmacist regarding that information. This medication is also known by the brand names Ultram, Ultram ER, Ultracet and Ryzolt.

How should it be used?

Tramadol comes as a tablet or an extended-release tablet to be taken orally. Regular tablets are normally taken every 4-6 hours with or without food as they are needed.

Extended-release tablets will generally only be taken once every 24 hours as they are designed to release slowly over a period of time. This medication should either be taken with food every time or without food every time in either form.

Do not take more doses than your doctor has prescribed or double up on doses to make up for a missed one. Extended-release tablets should never be broken apart before ingesting.

Take the whole tablet as prescribed by your doctor. Abuse of tramadol can cause death or serious injury to the user if the guidelines are not adhered to.

It is highly important to not change your dosing routine with this medication. It can be habit-forming. If you find yourself wanting to take the medication more often or noticing unusual changes in your mood or behavior, contact your doctor immediately.

If you miss a dose, take it when you remember it unless it is near the next dosing period. If it is near the next dosing time, do not take the missed dose.

The medication is not to be stopped immediately. Talk to your doctor before stopping a dosing regimen for the medication. Your doctor will usually slowly reduce your intake of the tablets until you are completely off of them.

Stopping immediately, or cold turkey; can result in a number of withdrawal symptoms appearing.

What precautions should I be aware of before taking Tramadol?

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to opiate pain medications, cough medications, or tramadol. You can request an ingredient list of tramadol normal and ER tablets from your pharmacist.

Inform your doctor and pharmacist of any natural supplements, vitamins, or any medications being taken; whether prescription or non-prescription. This also includes herbal products such as St. John’s Wort.

Inform your doctor if you have or have ever had an injury that could cause high pressure in your skull (brain tumor, stroke, head injury); seizures; depression and thoughts of self-destruction or enabling self-destruction; lung and breathing problems; diabetes; and liver or kidney disease.

Be sure to inform your doctor if you have ingested large quantities of alcohol, street drugs, or overused prescription medications.

Inform your doctor that you are taking tramadol if you are having any kind of surgery.

Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, want to become pregnant, or are breast feeding. Contact your doctor immediately if you conceive while taking tramadol.

Tramadol can make the user dizzy and lightheaded when getting up from a laying position. It is best to get up slowly and let the feet rest on the floor for a couple minutes before standing.

What are the possible minor side effects?

Inform your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe and do not gradually recede.

  • insomnia
  • nervousness
  • dizziness
  • weakness
  • diarrhea
  • chills
  • nausea
  • mood changes
  • uncontrollable shaking
  • agitation
  • headache
  • itching
  • dry mouth
  • sweating

What are the possible major side effects?

Call your doctor immediately if any of these symptoms present themselves. If you experience any other unusual side effects, contact your doctor immediately.

  • flu-like symptoms
  • development of sores inside of your mouth, eyes, throat, or nose
  • hives
  • seizures
  • rash
  • swelling of extremities or throat, face, tongue, lips, and eyes
  • hallucinations
  • hoarseness
  • difficulty in swallowing or breathing

What to do in the case of an overdose?

Reaching emergency services through 911 is imperative should an individual overdose on tramadol.

Common indicators are as follows:

  • labored breathing
  • decreased pupil size
  • coma
  • seizure
  • extreme drowsiness and sleepiness
  • unconsciousness
  • heart attack